Clean water is highly essential for a healthy environment and a balanced ecosystem. This has a direct impact on the quality of health of all living beings. With 70% of the world comprising of water, roughly 2.5% is fresh water category of which only 1% is accessible. At least two million people die of water borne diseases each year globally. This has massive impact on the socio-economic quotient of a country.
However, there are countries which apparently have the cleanest water in the world – let us have a sneak peek at them.
Quality of water in Switzerland is very high and this mainly due to their world class waste water treatment, green agriculture and excellent government initiatives. Today, infectious diseases linked to water are rare in Switzerland, and the whole population has access to clean drinking water.
The country is just not famous for chocolates and watches, you see.
This Scandinavian nation enjoys supreme quality of water, thanks to strict government procedures before the water is made available to public. Reduced carbon dioxide emission, treatment of rivers, lakes and related water bodies are constantly reviewed.
Conforming to the standards set by National Food Administration, and reduction of acidification of lake water since the 1990s, are major reasons that makes Sweden enter this list at number 2.
Superior waste water treatment plants and continuous quality supervision has resulted in high quality of water in Norway. More than 60% of Norway’s rivers and lakes have good or high ecological status.
The country has high supply of surface water and most of the river water is regulated by hydropower electric plants, which has given this country “Krystallklart vann” meaning crystal clear water.
Home to 187,888 lakes, Finland is known as the ‘Land of a thousand lakes’. A country which is half the size of Texas, is home to 500 square metres of ponds and 25,000 sq. kms. of rivers. The total area of inland waters is 10% of the total area of the country and 78% has forest area.
The tap water in Finland is considered among the best in the world, some even claiming it to be better than bottled water.
Considerable efforts over the last century include lucidity of lakes, maintenance of pipes and high standard of purification.
Costa Rica is known to have a high quality of water, especially the fresh water ranks among the best in the world owing to proper regulations set by the government to treat waste water and with industries following eco-friendly standards.
Responsibility for water and sanitation policy is shared by the Ministry of Health (MINSALUD) and the Ministry of Environment, Energy and Telecommunications (MINAET) and they have strict compliance in place to check any bottlenecks.
Austria’s high bathing water quality as well as the increasing improvement in the chemical quality of rivers is a testimony to the world class water quality the country has. Appropriate waste water management, increased organic agriculture and absolute minimal CO2 emissions are some of the major contributors to the country’s high quality of water.
Low and controlled CO2 emissions, dirt free lakes, excellent waste water management and protection of marine environment have contributed to high quality water in New Zealand. The country is working on reduction on pollution levels furthermore to ensure these high standards are intact. So it is just not the beautiful landscapes of this country you should be in love with.
The reasons for Latvian supreme water quality is no different. The beaches and lakes have crystal clear water and the efforts of the government in ensuring proper waste water management are worth mentioning.
Noted facts include minimal impact of regional industrial and transboundary pollution on water quality of wells in Latvia.
97% of the population in Colombia has access to improved drinking water. Government measures on water treatment facilities are commendable, though demand for more initiatives are on the rise. This is to enable access to better quality of water in the whole of the country. The country though makes it to number 9 in this list.
Even though the country has 100% waste water management and a high quality of water, there has been concerns on the rise of issues that could impact nature and marine life. Many steps are in the pipeline to restore the biodiversity of France and eradicate the threats rising due of security of marine resources and deindustrialization and agricultural sources leading to water pollution.
In 2009, Matt Damon, co-founder of H2O Africa and WaterPartners co-founder Gary White, having discovered their shared passion and great balance of approaches at the Clinton Global Initiative, founded Water.org. Their goal is to provide aid to regions of developing countries that do not have access to safe drinking water and sanitation.
As of 2015, Water.org have been able to bring access to safe water and sanitation to more than 3 million people.
Water.org has been working alongside a network of certified, in-country partners to provide communities in Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean access to safe water and sanitation. Currently, they have ongoing programs in Ehtiopia, Ghana, Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Philippines, Honduras, Peru and Brazil.
To know more, or get involved, visit Water.org